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ΤΙΤΑΝ Group cement plants WBCSD/CSI Progress Review
Description 2007 2008 2009
Climate Change Management
Total direct CO2 emissions1 (gross), metric tons2 10.3 million 11 million 8.7 million
Total direct CO2 emissions1 (net), metric tons2 10.3 million 11 million 8.7 million
Total indirect CO2 emissions(1) (net), metric tons2 1.3 million 1.4 million 1.1 million
Direct CO2 emissions1 (gross) kg/metric ton of product 690 685 673
Direct CO2 emissions1 (net) kg/metric ton of product 690 685 673
Fuels and materials use
Energy efficiency, kcal per kg of clinker 855 852 844
Total heat consumption, TJ 39,088 42,822 37,026
Total alternative fuels, metric tons 25,500 21,163 30,570
Total electrical energy consumption, GWh 1,509 1,655 1,505
Total raw materials consumption, metric tons 19.5 million 21.7 million 18.9 million
Total alternative raw materials consumption, metric tons 1.4 million 1.5 million 1.3 million
Alternative fuel substitution for conventional fuels, % 1.37 1.07 1.53
Biomass in kiln fuel, % 0.6 0.4 0.9
Alternative materials (clinker & cement), % 7.1 6.8 7.0
Clinker to cement ratio 0.80 0.80 0.82
Emissions monitoring and reporting
Total dust particulates, metric tons 1,291 1,268 1,493
Dust particulates, g per ton of clinker 85 109 143
Total NOx, metric tons 19,956 20,979 20,767
NOx, g/ton of clinker 1,752 1,799 1,982
Total SOx, metric tons 3,331 3,356 2,456
SOx, g/ton of clinker 299 288 234
Clinker produced with monitoring of major and minor emissions, % 100 100 100
Local impacts
Active quarry sites with biodiversity issues3 3 3 3
Active quarry sites with biodiversity management plans4, % 0 0 33
Sites with community engagement plans, %      
Sites with quarry rehabilitation plans, % 79 79 48
Health & Safety
Employee fatalities 0 0 0
Employee fatality rate 0 0 0
Contractor fatalities 1 3 0
Third-party fatalities 0 1 0
Employee lost time injuries 20 22 18
Employee lost time injuries Frequency Rate 3.67 3.26 2.81
Employee lost working days 919 718 714
Employee lost time injuries Severity Rate 168 106 111
Contractor lost time injuries 7 8 4

1 CO2 emissions before 2008 do not include emissions related to vehicle and mobile equipment
2 Total emissions for the period 1990-2008 were recalculated in 2009, according to WBCSD/CSI, to reflect changes in equity held by the TITAN Group (Egypt and Turkey).
3 Active quarries within, containing or adjacent to areas designated for their high biodiversity value.
4 Sites with high biodiversity value where biodiversity management plans are actively implemented.

Compare to Report 2008