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Climate change and sustainable development

The TITAN Group is committed to sustainable development that responds to the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. This clear approach is realized through our CSR Roadmap and this commitment is part of our environmental policy evidenced by our active membership in the Cement Sustainability Initiative of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (CSI/WBCSD).

We acknowledge that our business activities have an impact on the environment since cement manufacture is a resource and energy intensive industry. This impact is the “environmental footprint” of our activities in terms of depletable raw materials and other non-renewable resources used to make our products and the quantity of wastes and emissions to air, water and land that are generated in the process.

For our cement production facilities we have identified the sources of impact and the associated indicators to measure them in the following areas:

  • Raw materials consumption
  • Heat and electrical energy consumption 
  • Water consumption 
  • Air emissions (CO2, dust, NOx and SOx
  • Waste

To ensure transparency and alignment with our peers in the cement industry the performance indicators used are those proposed by the WBCSD/CSI and conform with the GRI/G3 reporting principles.

A Group reporting system has been implemented by all Business Units ensures a structured approach to collect and consolidate information, assess the impact of our operations and set targets to improve our performance.
Cement plants and associated quarry environmental performance reviews will be carried out periodically by a recently developed Environmental Audit Toolkit enabling a systematic approach and appropriate methodology to address these challenges in structured and practical manner.

Reducing our environment footprint is both a challenge and an opportunity reflected in the revised environmental targets for 2010-2015 (TITAN Group Performance: 5-year plan 2006 -2010 and new targets, Thermal and Electrical Energy, Air emissions, Water consumption) aiming at mitigating and reducing the impacts of the operations on the environment by “Doing Less Harm” while improving use of alternative raw material and fuels fostering win-win solutions.

Facing the challenge of climate change

Climate moved to the top of the world agenda in 2009, which culminated in the UN Climate Change Conference (COP15) in Copenhagen in December. In line with the TITAN Group climate mitigation strategy, we joined efforts with other companies, stakeholders and citizens from all over the world in the framework of the UN Global Compact Seal the Deal Campaign, an effort sought to help bring about a strong, effective international climate agreement.

Carbon Dioxide emissions from cement production currently represent about 5% of anthropogenic global CO2 emissions. As a result, the cement industry is continuously exploring ways to address Climate Change by under-taking initiatives that reduce the carbon footprint of cement’s production and use.

Given the available technology, there are four distinct “reduction levers” available to the cement industry to reduce carbon emissions. These carbon reduction levers have also been used to model the future evolution of the Cement Sector’s carbon emissions in both CSI’s Sectoral Approach Project and IEA’s and WBCSD Cement Technology Roadmap.

In brief these levers are:

  • Energy efficiency i.e. deployment of state of the art efficient equipment in new cement plants and retrofit of existing plants in order to reduce the energy (thermal and electrical) needed for cement production.
  • Alternative fuels use i.e. increased usage of less carbon-intensive alternative fuels and biomasses, replacing the use of fossil fuels.
  • Clinker substitution or cement blending i.e. replacing carbon-intensive clinker with other, lower carbon materials, with cementitious properties.
  • Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) i.e. capturing the CO2 resulting from cement production before it is released into the atmosphere and safely storing it. The development of CCS technology will require substantial public and private investment in order to be made commercially viable for the cement sector.

TITAN has been exploring the feasibility of each of these four levers, and significant progress has been made over the years through a number of projects and initiatives.

Energy Consumption - “We have to measure it – to manage it”

Evaluating energy performance and reducing consumption requires good info-rmation on how, when, and where energy is being used. Collecting and tracking this information is necessary for establishing baselines and managing energy use. Understanding current and past energy use is how TITAN Roanoke Cement, US identifies opportunities to improve energy performance and gain financial benefits. In 2009 TITAN Roanoke Cement installed a real time energy monitoring system using a network of digital meters to monitor and track energy consumption and energy intensity for each process area of the plant. All metering data is available in a central database for plant management to review, plant energy team analyses energy trends during operation and shut downs to determine where and how energy improvement can be made. The energy monitoring system enabled the plant’s energy team to identify several energy savings opportunities, and in 2009 their cumulative efforts resulted in saving 10M kWh at a value of $490K.