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Dust

Dust is a major environmental pollutant related to many industrial activities. At cement production plants, major emission sources of dust are smokestacks. Fugitive dust is also created from transportation of materials.

At all TITAN Group facilities dust monitoring and recording equipment have been installed for regular emission measurements in accordance with environmental legislation and TITAN standards.

Continuous monitoring of fugitive dust emissions is not possible. A program of periodic measurements is used to monitor dust emissions and safeguard the health of its employees as well as to reduce the impact on neighboring areas. Further care is taken to ensure the proper maintenance and optimal functioning of equipment and to ensure the rigorous application of rules covering the transport of materials both at and beyond the plant site.

Last year dust emissions totaled 1,493 tons while specific emissions were 143g/ton clinker on the basis of equity held in 2009. Dust emissions at most of our facilities were much below the limits set by the environmental terms and conditions of their operating permits.

Specific emissions calculated on the basis of the equity held by the TITAN Group in 2006, the year that the Group’s target was set, reached 98.3g/ton clinker, an increase of 18.3% compared to the previous year. Although last year’s performance marks a set back compared to the trend achieved the previous years, the Group target remains focused on achieving an overall reduction of dust emissions by 65% until 2015 compared to 2003.

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ΝOx

Combustion at high temperatures is a source of ΝOx creation. Scientific studies have linked ΝOx emissions to the creation of acid rain and smog.

In 2009 the Group’s ΝOx emissions were 20,767 tons and specific emissions were 1,982g/ton clinker, based on equity held last year. As with dust, these emissions were within the limits stipulated by the environmental terms of the operating permits.

Recalculating the specific emissions on the basis of the equity held by the TITAN Group in 2006, the year that the Group’s target was set, the figure comes to 1,981g/ton clinker almost equal with the current target of 1,980g/ton clinker.

A revised target of 1,670g/ton clinker for ΝOx emissions, or 45% reduction compared to 2003, was put in place last year for 2015.

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SOx

The presence of sulphur (S) in raw materials is the primary cause of SOx emissions which are directly linked with the appearance of acid rain. It is therefore vital to keep these emissions as low as possible.

Last year SOx emissions were 2,456 tons corresponding to specific emissions of 234g/ton clinker, based on equity held in 2009. For yet another year, at many Group plants, SOx emissions were negligible while in all cases they were much lower than those allowed in the environmental terms of the operating permits.

Recalculating the specific emissions on the basis of the equity held by TITAN Group in 2006, the year that the Group’s target was set, the figure comes to 285g/ton clinker, below the target set for 2010 of 295g/t clinker.

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Taking into account the new acquisitions, equity changes and the operation of new kiln lines in 2009, a revised target of 240g/t clinker was set for 2015.